Gingivitis is an inflammation or infection of the gum caused by the deposition of dental plaque. This is composed of bacteria, viruses and other microscopic parasites that will attack the gum and make it red.
Poor dental hygiene is often the cause of this disease. You should brush your teeth three times a day after each meal and at least for three minutes to remove the plaque.
If your gums are sensitive, use a soft brush that you will buy in a pharmacy. On a daily basis, floss between the teeth to complete the brushing and remove the plate. Tartar formation promotes gingivitis. It causes a double irritation of the gums:
- rough appearance of tartar,
- bacterial attack of the gum.
To prevent it from occurring, at least once a year, your dentist should have a descaling procedure. In pregnant women, the presence of certain hormones in the blood can increase the risk of gingivitis (hyperplasia phenomenon). Some medicines (antiepileptic drugs and immunosuppressants) may also promote inflammation of the gums. People with diabetes, leukemia or AIDS are prone to this disease. If gingivitis is not treated, it can develop into periodontitis, a sicknessmore complex to heal, which can cause irreversible damage. It is characterized by inflammation of the alveolar bone and can cause tooth loosening.
Our advice After each brushing, rinse your mouth with an antibacterial solution to clean the gums.
FAQ - What are the symptoms of gum disease? | For Beautiful Smiles | Eugene Dentist (March 2021)