The introduction of fruits and vegetables within the meals of baby will optimize its intake of vitamins C and E and beta-carotene or pro-vitamin A. Vegetables are the first foods to introduce during the dietary diversification of baby. When to put them on the menu? And in what quantity? Which ones to choose?
According to the health experts of the small childhood, the vegetables can be introduced from six months. Between 5 and 7 months, mom can provide vegetables for one of two meals. The first days, you have to add two or three teaspoons of a mixed vegetable in the bottle of milk. Gradually, parents can increase the amount to reach 130 grams of vegetables. Which ones to choose? Opt for carrots, green beans, spinach, zucchini, pumpkin, leek or endives.
From 7 to 8 months baby can eat vegetables for lunch and dinner: 130 to 150 g mixed with milk bottles or spoon. Vegetables that have a strong taste are always discouraged. At this age, you can put a knob of butter or a teaspoon of oil rich in essential fatty acids. Between 9 and 12 months: at noon and in the evening, the amount of vegetables increases to about 200 grams. This is the time to introduce new vegetables (artichoke, eggplant, peas, cauliflower, pepper, beetroot ...) cooked and mixed or in small pieces. They can perfume them with herbs (parsley, chervil, thyme ...).
Between 1 year and 3 years old: vegetables ... it's always twice a day. The big novelty is the introduction of raw vegetables (tomato, green salad, grated carrot ...). Concerning so-called dry vegetables (lentils, white beans ...), baby will not be able to eat it until 18 months old. It is preferable !
After the vegetables, fruit place ! They have many nutritional benefits for the child. Between 5 and 7 months approximately: we start with one fruit per day (at noon or afternoon tea). In the early days, baby will be satisfied with two to three teaspoons of a mixed fruit in the bottle of milk. The amount will gradually increase to 100-130 grams.
At six months old, he can eat fruit twice a day. The recommended fruits are apple, peach, banana or quince. Days, weeks, months go by. Between 7 and 8 months, a portion of fruit is kept from about 100 to 130 grams twice a day. We propose to baby raw, ripe fruit, peeled and crushed. New fruits are allowed: strawberry, cherry, orange ... Baby can also drink 50 ml of fruit juice in the morning. From 9 months to 1 year, he always needs fruit twice a day ... either in pieces or in strips. The amount of fruit juice goes to 100 ml. Between 1 and 3 years old: baby is tall. He can taste all the fruits. Concerning potentially allergenic fruits (kiwi, papaya, guava, almond ...), it is better to wait 18 months.
concerning starchy foods (rice, pasta, wheat, semolina or even potato), it is necessary to gradually introduce them into the diet of your baby. Rich in calories, they are the main source of energy for the body. How much? What are their benefits? Around six months of age, parents can mash the potatoes (per quart then half). It must be cooked in water. Rice, pasta ... can also be proposed either mixed or mixed with vegetable purées. Around nine months, baby can eat about 50 grams of starchy foods a day. Baby blow his first candle! At this age, he is entitled to between 75 and 100 grams of starch or two medium potatoes or 3 tablespoons of pasta, rice, wheat, semolina ... This amount can be given at a meal or spread over lunch and the night.
The introduction of the meat will give him iron, zinc and vitamins of group B. Until the age of 3, the portions must however remain rather small. Meat should not be introduced until six months have passed. Until about 7 months, the meat ... it is once a day, in principle at noon.The quantity: 2 teaspoons of a meat cooked without fat and well mixed. Initially, meat and vegetables are put into the milk bottle. Baby must eat only lean meats (chicken breast, turkey, steak, roast veal ...). Between 7 and 8 months, mom can increase the portions (between 10 to 20 g) for lunch or dinner. He can now eat pork in the net and leg of lamb. Fish or an egg can replace meat. Between 9 months and 1 year, the portion does not exceed 20 g. Between 1 and 3 years, baby only eat meat once a day: 20 g to 1 year, 30 g to 2 years, 40 to 50 g to 3 years. For portions, do not hesitate to seek the advice of your pediatrician.
The introduction Fish brings to baby selenium, iodine, fluorine and omega 3. Between 6 and 7 months, you have to alternate the meat with the fish at noon or in the evening (10 g of a fish cooked without fat and well mixed ). Like vegetables or meat, the fish will be put in a bottle of milk at the beginning. At this age, baby must eat white fish such as dab, hake or cod ... Up to 8 months, baby always eat fish alternately with meat: 2 to 4 teaspoons mixed or crushed. He can now enjoy mackerel or sardines. Between 9 and 12 months, the daily amount of fish does not exceed 20 g. It is always consumed alternately with meat or egg. now baby can taste mussels or shrimp. Between 1 and 3 years, baby alternates fish, meat and egg once a day: 20 g to one year, 30 g to 2 years, 40 to 50 g in 3 years.